“If you say that there are gods everywhere, and that natural substances and forces are gods, and…”

“If you say that there are gods everywhere, and that natural substances and forces are gods, and these gods care nothing about human affairs, that is not, strictly speaking, atheism. But from the point of view of the defenders of the various local religions, it is the practical equivalent of atheism, for it undermines piety and belief in the gods of the city.”
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Fava Beans v. Pythagoras

Conflicts had arisen amongst various factions at the time and Pythagoras had his detractors.  As the legend goes, he detested fava beans.  He hated them so much that rather than escape through a bean field, he opted to be captured and disposed of by his enemies.

If Pythagoras’ revulsion of fava beans has any merit, he may have been one of the rare individuals who are allergic to them.  Some people from the Ancient Near East, (roughly the modern day Middle East), where favas probably originated, have a hereditary vulnerability to them.  Certain substances found in favas can cause susceptible individuals to develop anemia.   Technically this genetic disorder is known as Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, or more simply “favism.”  Fortunately, the overwhelming majority of us can enjoy these wonderful beans, with no fears of blood disease or pursuing assailants.

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Greek Islands

Santorini (Thira): The name comes from the ancient Spartan Thiran who first colonized the island. It comes from passers crusaders, who during their passing stood for refueling near the Church of St. Irene, which existed on the island.

Corfu (Kerkyra or Korkyra) is related to two powerful water symbols; Poseidon, god of the sea, and Asopos–an important Greek mainland river. According to myth, Poseidon fell in love with the beautiful nymph Korkyra, daughter of Asopus and river nymph Metope, and abducted her. Poseidon brought Korkyra to the unnamed island and, in marital bliss, offered her name to the place–Korkyra gradually evolved to Kerkyra. Together, they had a child they called Phaiax, after whom the inhabitants of the island were named Phaiakes. This term was transliterated via Latin to Phaeacians. Corfu’s nickname is the island of the Phaeacians.

Crete: Crete was the name of one of the nymphs who guarded the golden apples of the Hesperides garden; garden of the gods and according to mythology, the nymph named the island.

Anafi: According to Greek mythology, the Argonauts as they were returning home from Colchis were caught in a storm and begged ancient Greek god Apollo to save them. Apollo responded to their calls and saw and island pop up in front of them; it became their refuge. The locals claim that the island is so named because it has no snakes.

Folegandros: For the origin of the name of Folegandros are two versions. According to the first one, the name comes from the Phoenician word phelekgundari (helekgundari) which means rocky land. In the second version, the island received its name from the mythological first settler, Folegandros, son of King Minos.

Naxos: There are two main theories about the island’s name. The first is the named in honor of Naxos, the ruler of the first settlers of the island; or the name derives from the ancient Greek word naxai, meaning thysai because of the many sacrifices that took place there in honor of the gods.

Skiathos: According to rumors, the name of Skiathos has origins from the word shadow and Athos as well as the island is geographically in the shadow of Agion Oros.

Mykonos: The Island’s name is inspired by the hero Mykonos, a descendant of the legendary king of Delos Anius.

Skyros: The island got its name from the wild rocky territory skiron or skyros which means stone debris.

Leros: The biggest area of Leros is flat with low mountains, thus the island got its name from the ancient Greek word leros which means smooth and flat.

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“Ephesus, Heraclitus’ home city, was an urbanized and bustling metropolis, its population spanned…”

“Ephesus, Heraclitus’ home city, was an urbanized and bustling metropolis, its population spanned from the 10th Century B.C. to the 15th Century A.D. It was a place where cultures, mythologies and beliefs were accumulated to such a point where they could be compounded and where identities could be constructed. Much like a contemporary city such as Los Angeles, which can be perceived as a generator of modern-day pop culture (a product of appropriation and compounded identity), Ephesus faced similar postmodern and existentialist dilemmas that can give us perspective into our own times. – See more at: http://www.uprs.edu/upr-blog/news/featured/the-fragments-of-heraclitus/#sthash.ZRPqMfE2.dpuf
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Alyssa wrote a detailed description of her entry: “This…

This illustration portrays Odin and his spectral horse Sleipnir taking a slight moment to unwind during Yule.

Alyssa wrote a detailed description of her entry: “This illustration portrays Odin and his spectral horse Sleipnir taking a slight moment to unwind during Yule. They’re exceptionally determined to have a brilliant hunt with their accomplices this Midwinter. Diligently they hunt for goblins and trolls that sneak about reeking of mischief for the townsfolk. Sleipnir takes a moment to feed from the hay left by generous children for their gods while Odin takes watch.”

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“As with all the interpretations of Parmenides you will encounter, there are arguments for or…”

“As with all the interpretations of Parmenides you will encounter, there are arguments for or against. If Parmenides is merely critiquing the One of Milesian cosmology, then the seemingly impossible task of saving appearances becomes somewhat easier. But you don’t have to decide that question. It is sufficient to be able to say, ‘IF that was Parmenides’ view, then that would make him such-and-such a kind of monist.’ What the examiner most wants to see is a discussion about the nature of monism, with arguments justifying your view that Parmenides was this or that kind of monist, depending on the interpretation.”

Parmenides
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The Theater and Sunken Ruins at Apollonia in Cyrenaica (Libya)

The Theater and Sunken Ruins at Apollonia in Cyrenaica (Libya)

The Theater and Sunken Ruins at Apollonia in Cyrenaica (Libya)

Apollonia in Cyrenaica was founded by Greek colonists and became a significant commercial centre in the southern Mediterranean. It served as the harbour of Cyrene, to the southwest. The city is the birthplace of the Greek geographer and mathematician Eratosthenes. Aristippus too.

Apollonia was one of the five towns of the Libyan Pentapolis. The early foundation levels of the city of Apollonia are below sea level due to submergence in earthquakes, specifically the Crete earthquake and tsunami of July 21st in 365 AD. The theater is outside the city walls and is well preserved.

The ruins of Apollonia are sited by the modern town of Susa in Libya.

Greenland

There are other theories as to how Greenland got its name. One theory is that the “green” in Greenland is actually a translation error. The word “grunt” actually means ground and it could be that Greenland was meant to be named Gruntland (or ground land).

“εἰ δὲ Σύρος, τί τὸ θαῦμα; μίαν, ξένε, πατρίδα κόσμον ναίομεν: ἓν Θνατοὺς πάντας ἔτικτε Χάος.”

“εἰ δὲ Σύρος, τί τὸ θαῦμα; μίαν, ξένε, πατρίδα κόσμον
ναίομεν: ἓν Θνατοὺς πάντας ἔτικτε Χάος.

And if I am Syrian, why is that a wonder? Stranger, we inhabit one
homeland, the world. One Chaos bore all mortals.”

Meleager of Gadara

Human bones hidden in a Spanish cave for some 400,000 years

New tests on human bones hidden in a Spanish cave for some 400,000 years set a new record for the oldest human DNA sequence ever decoded—and may scramble the scientific picture of our early relatives

New tests on human bones hidden in a Spanish cave for some 400,000 years set a new record for the oldest human DNA sequence ever decoded—and may scramble the scientific picture of our early relatives.

Analysis of the bones challenges conventional thinking about the geographical spread of our ancient cousins, the early human species called Neanderthals and Denisovans. Until now, these sister families of early humans were thought to have resided in prehistoric Europe and Siberia, respectively.