Alyssa wrote a detailed description of her entry: “This illustration portrays Odin and his spectral horse Sleipnir taking a slight moment to unwind during Yule. They’re exceptionally determined to have a brilliant hunt with their accomplices this Midwinter. Diligently they hunt for goblins and trolls that sneak about reeking of mischief for the townsfolk. Sleipnir takes a moment to feed from the hay left by generous children for their gods while Odin takes watch.”
“As with all the interpretations of Parmenides you will encounter, there are arguments for or against. If Parmenides is merely critiquing the One of Milesian cosmology, then the seemingly impossible task of saving appearances becomes somewhat easier. But you don’t have to decide that question. It is sufficient to be able to say, ‘IF that was Parmenides’ view, then that would make him such-and-such a kind of monist.’ What the examiner most wants to see is a discussion about the nature of monism, with arguments justifying your view that Parmenides was this or that kind of monist, depending on the interpretation.”
The Theater and Sunken Ruins at Apollonia in Cyrenaica (Libya)
Apollonia in Cyrenaica was founded by Greek colonists and became a significant commercial centre in the southern Mediterranean. It served as the harbour of Cyrene, to the southwest. The city is the birthplace of the Greek geographer and mathematician Eratosthenes. Aristippus too.
Apollonia was one of the five towns of the Libyan Pentapolis. The early foundation levels of the city of Apollonia are below sea level due to submergence in earthquakes, specifically the Crete earthquake and tsunami of July 21st in 365 AD. The theater is outside the city walls and is well preserved.
The ruins of Apollonia are sited by the modern town of Susa in Libya.
There are other theories as to how Greenland got its name. One theory is that the “green” in Greenland is actually a translation error. The word “grunt” actually means ground and it could be that Greenland was meant to be named Gruntland (or ground land).
“εἰ δὲ Σύρος, τί τὸ θαῦμα; μίαν, ξένε, πατρίδα κόσμον
ναίομεν: ἓν Θνατοὺς πάντας ἔτικτε Χάος.
And if I am Syrian, why is that a wonder? Stranger, we inhabit one
homeland, the world. One Chaos bore all mortals.”
– Meleager of Gadara
New tests on human bones hidden in a Spanish cave for some 400,000 years set a new record for the oldest human DNA sequence ever decoded—and may scramble the scientific picture of our early relatives.
Analysis of the bones challenges conventional thinking about the geographical spread of our ancient cousins, the early human species called Neanderthals and Denisovans. Until now, these sister families of early humans were thought to have resided in prehistoric Europe and Siberia, respectively.
Cat, fox, and monkey.
1525-1550. French. MS Douce 135. (via)
From today’s sunset: Hecate’s Deipna- The end of the month, the Old and New- it is always sacred to the Goddess.
Khalkeia, “a festival at Athens, which some call Athenaia; but others [call it] Pandemos [Whole People], because it is observed by all.” “An ancient [sc. Athenian] festival popular long ago, but subsequently observed by the craftsmen only, because Hephaistos worked bronze in Attica. It is on the last day of the month Pyanepsion; the day when the priestesses, together with the arrephoroi, preserve the peplos.”
The festival is said to commemorate the discovery of the technai: honors to Hephaistos, Athena Archegetis, Athena Ergane and Athena Hephaistia.
The priestesses and the arrephoroi set the warp in the loom for the weawing of Athena’s sacred peplos.
(cf. Suda s.v. Chalkeia; Harp. s.v. Chalkeia; Etym. Magn. 805.43; Eust. Il. 2.552; Pollux 7.105; Hesych. s.v. Chalkeia; Soph. fr. 844; Agora XV 70.7, 78.16, 253.9; ARV2 553.31; Athen. 11.502)
“the thirtieth we celebrate in Hades because of Hecate” – ie , the thirtieth day of the month (if present, otherwise the 29th, which is, in any case, called ‘thirtieth’) is honored Hecate as it is the last day of the month and at the same time, we also honor the dead (in fact, in its calendar, Pletho dedicated the twenty-ninth day to Pluto). “The image of Hecate is erected and consecrated at the crossroads, and rites in honor of the dead have been made on the thirtieth day.”
The last day of the month must be also devoted to meditation and to the reconsideration of the work done during the month, as well as to the preparation for the new month to come. In any case, no one should undertake an important work during this last day. It is highly recommended to fast for the whole day (for example, this was the habit of Proklos).
(The creation of Anesidora (Pandora) by Athena and Hephaistos; Ca. 470—460 B.C. found in Nola, now in the British Museum…)
“Thus the traditional interpretation of Parmenides’ philosophy is that he declared the world to be a deductive logical system, that our senses deceive us and that according to the Way of Truth, the world is completely static, unchanging and motionless, with nothing coming-into-being and nothing ceasing-to-be. In the figurative words of Friedrich Nietzsche, Parmenides presented the world as solidly frozen in ice.”
– Parmenides, Nietzsche
Babele tower, Jan Brueghel the Elder